Lifestyle habits and well-being among primary health physicians in western Saudi Arabia
Journal of Public Health
Shaima J. Alshareef1, Abdullah Alzahrani2, Fayssal M. Farahat2,3
1.Family Medicine Resident King Abdulaziz Medical City Jeddah Saudi Arabia
2 King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center King Abdulaziz Medical City Jeddah Saudi Arabia
3 Faculty of Medicine Menoufia University Menoufia Egypt
Year of Publication:
This study aimed to assess the lifestyle habits and well-being of primary healthcare physicians working at the Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs in western Saudi Arabia.
Subjects and methods:
This cross-sectional study was conducted at the primary healthcare centers affiliated with the National Guard Health Affairs in western Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was applied. The questionnaire included the demographic information, medical history, physical activity, and food and smoking habits. The stress level was assessed using the 10-cm visual analog scale. Descriptive statistics were performed.
Participants’ mean (± SD) age was 39.3 ± 12.3 years, and 51.9% of them were female. More than half of the studied physicians were either overweight or obese. In the past 6 months, 40.6% of the participants had followed a diet to reduce their weight and 35% practiced sports 3–4 days/week. Reported chronic diseases were hyperlipidemia, hypertension, bronchial asthma, and diabetes. General health was identified as fair by 15.6%, good by 54.4%, and excellent by 30% of the participants. A moderate-high stress level was perceived by 77.5% of the participants.
Health and well-being promotion programs should be established for physicians in primary care centers coinciding with regular check-ups and screenings for early detection and intervention to reduce the burden of lifestyle-associated diseases among primary care physicians.