The Relation between Asthma Control and Quality of Life in Children
International Journal of Pediatrics
Banjari,1Y. Kano,1 S. Almadani,1 A. Basakran,2M. Al-Hindi,3 and T. Alahmadi4
1King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Pediatrics, King Saud Bin Abdul Aziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4Department of Paediatrics, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Year of Publication:
Asthma is a common chronic illness worldwide. Asthmatic children are forced to alter their way of living to avoid its complications or exacerbations, which negatively affects their psychological and social well-being. High prevalence of behavioral and emotional difficulties was noticed among children with asthma.
Cross-sectional study that was conducted over 8 months involving asthmatic children within the ages of 7-17 years presenting to two governmental hospitals in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Three questionnaires were used: asthma control test, the strengths and difficulties questionnaire, and the pediatrics asthma quality of life questionnaire. Using SPSS, Pearson’s chi-square and independent sample t-tests were used to find associations.
Among the 106 respondents, 84% of the sample had poor asthma control. Significantly poorer quality of life was observed in children with uncontrolled asthma (p = <0.001). Children with controlled and uncontrolled asthma were equally affected psychosocially with no relation between asthma control and their psychosocial well-being (p = 0.58).
The majority of asthmatic children were uncontrolled with poor quality of life. This study recommends that the psychosocial well-being should be assessed during clinic visits for a better holistic approach and effective improvement of outcome. Further researches are needed to study the psychological effect of asthma.