Publication Details

Title :

Survey of flexible bronchoscopy practice in adults in Saudi Arabia


Saudi Medical Journal

Impact Factor:



Aljohaney AA1, Albanna AS, Alhajji MA, Mobeireek AF, Batubara EM, Zalt MB, Alghamdi MA.


1 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Year of Publication:





To assess current adherence to international guidelines for practitioners of bronchoscopy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Saudi Arabia between December 2016 and March 2017. Pulmonologists, thoracic surgeons, and intensivists were invited to answer an emailed self-administered questionnaire survey seeking information on how they performed flexible bronchoscopy in adults. The data collected were compared between the 3 specialties. Results: Eighty-two (18%) of 456 invited practitioners completed the survey. Fifty-eight (72%) of the 82 respondents were pulmonologists. Forty (53%) of 76 respondents (93%) who had received bronchoscopy training received it abroad. Twenty-seven respondents (33%) had also received training in endobronchial ultrasound, electrocautery, brachytherapy, stent insertion, and laser procedures. Fifty-eight respondents (70%) preferred patients to undergo fasting for at least 4 hours before the procedure. Lidocaine was used for topical anesthesia, mainly by aerosol spray or nebulization. Midazolam was used by 62%, fentanyl by 50%, and propofol by 12% of respondents. Ninety percent of pulmonologists reported requesting a chest radiograph after transbronchial lung biopsy. Safety procedures for bronchoscopists, for example, wearing masks and eye protection, and for patients, for example, availability of anesthetic reversal agents, were not universally applied. Conclusion: Bronchoscopy is not standardized in Saudi Arabia. National guidelines for the indications and practice of bronchoscopy are required.