Publication Details

Title :

Understanding the needs of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Child maltreatment prevention program development

Journal:

Child Abuse and Neglect

Impact Factor:

1.501

Authors:

Almuneef M1, Saleheen HN2, Al Shehri F2, Al-Eissa MA3.

Affiliations:

1 King Abdullah International Medical Research Center/King Saud binAbdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia; National Family Safety Program, King Abdulaziz Medical City – Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Pediatrics, King Abdullah Specialized Children’s Hospital, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Saudi Arabia; King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science, College of Medicine, Saudi Arabia.

2 King Abdullah International Medical Research Center/King Saud binAbdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia; National Family Safety Program, King Abdulaziz Medical City – Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

3 National Family Safety Program, King Abdulaziz Medical City – Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science, College of Medicine, Saudi Arabia.

Year of Publication:

2019

DOI:

10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.04.016

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:
Global efforts are being made to combat child maltreatment (CM); however, in 2011 the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s (KSA) response to this issue was found to be mediocre. Several developments have been implemented in KSA since then, and reevaluation is now necessary.

OBJECTIVE:
To assess the CM-prevention readiness (CMPR) of KSA in regard to implementing large-scale, evidence-based CM-prevention programs.

PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING:
Key informants based in KSA who were decision makers and senior managers in the CM field; face-to-face interviews were conducted in the participants’ offices.

METHODS:
This was a cross-sectional study. We used the multi-dimensional tool “Readiness Assessment for the Prevention of Child Maltreatment – short version,” which examines 10 dimensions concerning this topic. Comparison between the results of this study and those of the 2011 examination was performed to determine how the situation in KSA has changed.

RESULTS:
Sixty informants were interviewed; the majority being females (57%) and from governmental institutions (56%). The average total score for the 10 dimensions was 47.4%, an increase from the 43.7% reported in 2011. The strongest dimensions were legislations and mandates (8.3/10), followed by knowledge (7.1/10) and institutional links and resources (5.8/10). The lowest scores concerned human and technical resources (1.7/10) and attitude towards CM (2.8/10). Compared to the 2011 results, some dimensions showed significant improvements, but the majority had remained consistent.

CONCLUSIONS:
Time and commitment are necessary to secure CMPR improvement. Periodic assessment of CMPR is required to provide proper recommendations to the government regarding the progress of CM-prevention strategies.