Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis in children with sickle cell disease
Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Al Talhi Y1, Shirah BH2, Altowairqi M3, Yousef Y1,4.
1 King Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, P.O. Box: 65362, Jeddah, 21556, Saudi Arabia.
2 King Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, P.O. Box: 65362, Jeddah, 21556, Saudi Arabia. firstname.lastname@example.org.
3 Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
4 King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Year of Publication:
Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) suffer from an increased incidence of gallstone formation due to hemolysis of sickled red blood cells; this leads to an increased level of bilirubin in secreted bile that becomes a nidus for pigment stone formation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is considered a standard operative procedure for gallstone disease mainly due to lower postoperative wound complaints, faster recovery, better postoperative cosmetic results, shorter hospital stay, and earlier return to work. Although numerous studies have been published addressing both the advantages and complications of LC in acute calcular cholecystitis, there is still limited evidence concerning the safety and efficacy of LC for the management of cholelithiasis in pediatric patients with SCD, and controversies remain unresolved. In this review, we aim to comprehensively study the available literature and propose evidence-based practice recommendations for the optimal management of gallstones in pediatric SCD patients. The current practice differs greatly depending on the prevalence of SCD in a particular geographic area. We acknowledge the limited number of patients reported, the lack of randomized control trials addressing the practice of specific recommendations, and the need for further evidence-based studies.